FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: July 27, 2009
SCHUMER URGES BAN ON SO-CALLED 'FLASH ORDERS' THAT GIVE PRIVILEGED TRADERS SNEAK PEEK AT STOCK SALES BEFORE OTHER INVESTORS
Major U.S. Exchanges Currently Offer Programs Allowing Certain Traders To Profit Off Of Advance Knowledge of Buying and Selling Activity
Schumer Says Technique Creates Two-Tiered System That Puts Retail and Institutional Investors At Unfair Disadvantage
Senator Considering Legislation If SEC Does Not Act To Bar Practice
WASHINGTON, DC—U.S. Senator Charles E. Schumer (D-NY) announced Monday that he has urged the head of Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to ban the practice of so-called “flash trading” that gives advance knowledge of stock orders to certain traders. Schumer added that if the SEC fails to act, he would consider introducing legislation to ban the practice.
“This kind of unfair access seriously compromises the integrity of our markets and creates a two-tiered system where a privileged group of insiders receives preferential treatment, depriving others of a fair price for their transactions. If allowed to continue, these practices will undermine the confidence of ordinary investors, and drive them away from our capital markets,” Schumer wrote in a letter Friday to SEC Chairman Mary Schapiro.
Schumer’s concerns regard special programs offered by exchanges such as NASDAQ and BATS, as well as an electronic trading platform called DirectEdge. Each of these marketplaces currently allow sophisticated high-frequency traders to gain access to trading information before it is sent out widely to other traders. For a fee, the exchange will “flash” information about buy and sell orders for just a few fractions of a second before the information is made publicly available. These traders, using super-fast computers, can then act on that early information to trade ahead of the pending orders. The practice can influence the pricing of stocks, experts say.
“Flash trading” is a type of high-frequency trading, a technique that has gained attention recently for contributing to the spike in trading volume and, according to critics, increased volatility on U.S. exchanges. According to one industry estimate, high frequency trading accounted for $21 billion in profits in 2008.
A copy of Schumer’s letter to Schapiro appears below.
July 24, 2009
Securities and Exchange Commission
100 F Street, NE
Washington, DC 20549
Dear Chairman Schapiro:
I write today out of concern that the integrity of our capital markets is being compromised by the ability of some insiders to view order information before it is available to the entire market, and use electronic trading strategies to profit from that information at the expense of other investors.
Specifically, I request that the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) act to prohibit the use of so-called “flash orders” in connection with optional display periods currently permitted by DirectEdge’s Expedited Liquidity Program, NASDAQ’s Flash order program and BATS’s Bolt Optional Liquidity Program. Flash orders allow certain members of these exchanges to obtain access to order flow information before that information is made available to the public, allowing those members to use rapid trading programs to trade ahead of those orders and profit from advanced knowledge of buying and selling activity.
While pre-routing programs can benefit markets by providing additional liquidity, this kind of unfair access seriously compromises the integrity of our markets and creates a two-tiered system where a privileged group of insiders receives preferential treatment, depriving others of a fair price for their transactions. If allowed to continue, these practices will undermine the confidence of ordinary investors, and drive them away from our capital markets.
If the SEC fails to curb this practice, I plan to introduce legislation in the U.S. Senate to prohibit the use of flash orders in connection with optional pre-routing programs in order to ensure that trading in U.S. public capital markets is fair and transparent for all market participants.
I look forward to hearing from you regarding your plans to address the concerns expressed above. If you have any questions regarding this letter, please contact my staff at 202-224-6542.
Charles E. Schumer
United States Senator